Gingivitis occurs when plaque and tarter are not removed from the tooth structure. The gum tissues become irritated because of the toxin (plaque and tarter) and bleeding can occur when brushing or flossing. Bleeding indicates an active inflammatory infection that starts with gingivitis.
Research shows some alarming statistics concerning periodontal disease and gingivitis. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 50 to 90% of adults worldwide have gingivitis, and 10 to 15% of adults worldwide have severe periodontitis—making regular dental visits and procedures like non-surgical periodontal therapy/SRP critical.
What is the difference between plaque and tarter?
The bacteria in dental plaque causes gingivitis, or inflamed gum tissue around the teeth. Normal, healthy gums are firmly attached to the teeth and underlying bone. They are pale pink in light-skinned people and brown, gray or mottled in people with darker complexions. With gingivitis, gums are inflamed, red and swollen; are tender and bleed easily. Although mild gingivitis causes little pain and may be overlooked, it can become sever if left untreated. Gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, which can lead to tooth loss.