Periodontitis describes a group of conditions resulting from inflammation of the gums and other structures that support the teeth. Periodontitis is caused by bacteria found in dental plaque and is often, but not always, preceded by gingivitis.
The most non-invasive treatment for periodontal disease is Scaling and Root Planning. This procedure is typically done by a dental hygienist. You are first made comfortable with an anesthetic. Once you are comfortable, a series of instruments are used to remove the bacteria on the roots of your teeth. You can find videos about Scaling and Root Planning HERE & post-operative instructions for Scaling and Root Planning on our FORMS page.
If you have more severe periodontal disesase, it may be necessary to have periodontal surgery by a dentist or periodontist. To gain access to the roots of your teeth and surrounding bone, the periodontist separates your gums from your teeth. Once the roots are thoroughly cleaned, bone is selectively removed to restore the normal rise and fall of the bony cup, but at a lower level. (Imagine trimming the frayed edge of a scarf: the damage is gone, but the scarf is shorter.) The gums are then placed back over the remaining bone and sutured in place.